An amount of time when one is able to receive saving grace by repentance.

There is either a loose or strict interpretation concerning an amount of time when one is able to receive saving grace by repentance. Whereas a “loose” interpretation holds that an expiry time is set according to hearts that have been thoroughly hardened (Matt. 25:40), R. H. Grutzmacher, as paraphrased in Daniel J. Trier and Walter A Elwell, suggested that a strict interpretation holds that expiry times are neither unlimited nor set by man but God whose patience must be limited ( 2008, 863) if His patience is to instill “fear and trembling” (Phil. 2:12, KJV) in the heart of man. Though one might adhere to a strict interpretation concerning God’s patience for although the Psalmist noted that He is “slow to anger” (86:15, ESV), John noted that “God’s wrath remains” (John 3:36, NIV) on those who fail to ultimately accept His Son. Salvation might then depend on either one’s state of being at the moment of death or the degree to which one has shown oneself as unable and/or unwilling to commit to being faithful. Although one might die at a point of time in faith, death does not necessarily mean that faith was fixed either way while working out one’s salvation (Phil. 2:12, KJV) at that particular point.


  1. Trier, Daniel J. and Walter A. Elwell. 2008. Introducing Theological Interpretation of Scripture: Recovering a Christian Practice. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic.

All scripture is given by inspiration of God and is profitable for doctrine, reproof, correction, and instruction in righteousness (2 Timothy 3:16).

Agere Sequitur Esse